The GDP (gross domestic product) value of Canada represents 2.76 percent of the world economy, was worth 1709.30 billion US dollars in 2018. That’s why Canada requires a wide range of employers and employees. In this blog, you will find more details about the job market in Canada and also the opportunities to get a job in this developed country.
Canada´s job market
Like other developed countries, the majority of jobs in Canada are in the service sector with a minority in manufacturing and natural resources. Toronto, Calgary, Vancouver, and Montreal are four big cities that contribute the most to GDP growth for Canada, so you may find more job opportunities in those areas. English is a compulsory language for people who want to work in Canada. Moreover, if you want to work in Quebec Province you should also have the ability to use French. English-French bilingual is an advantage for employees. Depending on the job, qualifications are weighted differently. While the universal requirement for almost any position is some prior relevant experience, many well-paid jobs require that you possess a university/college degree and some other skills and abilities.
Job opportunities for students
There are several types of jobs for students, such as Work On Campus, Work Off-Campus, Work as a co-op student or intern.
1. Who can work on-campus
You can work on your school campus, without a work permit, if you:
- are a full-time post-secondary student at a:
- public post-secondary schools, such as a college or university, or CEGEP in Quebec
- private college-level school in Quebec that operates under the same rules as public schools, and is at least 50% funded by government grants, or
- Canadian private school that can legally award degrees under provincial law
- have a valid study permit,
- have a Social Insurance Number (SIN)
“On-campus” means you can have opportunities to work at all the buildings on your school campus. If your school has more than one campus, you may only work at the campus where you’re studying in most cases. In this case, you may work at a library, hospital or research facility associated with your school, even if they’re outside the campus.
2. Who can work off-campus
You and your employer must make sure you can work off-campus without a work permit before you start working. If you start working off-campus but don’t meet the requirements, you may have to leave Canada. Most of the requirements are the same as work on-campus´s requirements. If you’re a part-time student, you can work off-campus only if you meet all of the requirements above to have opportunities to get a job and you’re only studying part-time, instead of full-time, because:
- you’re in the last semester of your study program
- you were a full-time student in your program in Canada, up until your last semester
- you don’t need a full course load to complete your program
If you’re on authorized leave from your studies, or you’re switching schools and you’re not studying:
- you can’t work off-campus
- you can only return to work once you’re back to studying
You can only start working in Canada when you start your study program. During regular school semesters, you can work up to 20 hours. During scheduled breaks in your school year, like during winter and summer holidays, you can work full-time but you can’t work during a break that comes before you start your very first school semester.
If your program doesn’t have scheduled academic breaks, you can’t work more than 20 hours per week. If you weren’t eligible to work off-campus but now your study situation changed, you may be able to change the conditions of your study permit.
You can apply to change the conditions of your permit if:
- you’ve changed your study program to one that may allow you to work off-campus and your study permit says “This permit does not permit the holder to engage in off-campus employment in Canada”, or
- we included a condition on your study permit that may no longer apply
You must apply to change the conditions of your study permit. There is a fee to make this change. You must do this before you can apply for a SIN. To do this, you’ll need to apply for a new study permit from within Canada. Include a letter explaining why you need the condition removed from your study permit with your application.
3. Who can work as a co-op student or intern
Some study programs include work experience as part of their curriculum. You can apply for a co-op or intern work permit if:
- you have a valid study permit
- work is required to complete your study program in Canada
- you have a letter from your school that confirms all students in your program need to complete work placements to get their degree, and
- your co-op placement or internship totals 50% or less of your study program
You aren’t eligible for a co-op work permit if you’re taking one of the following:
- English or French as a second language (ESL/FSL),
- general interest courses, or
- courses to prepare for another study program.
If you’re not eligible for a co-op work permit, but you want to work in Canada, you need to apply for a work permit.
4. Get a Social Insurance Number to work in Canada
The Social Insurance Number (SIN) is a 9 digit number that the Government of Canada gives you. With this number, you can work in Canada and get government benefits and services. To apply for a SIN to work on campus, you must have 1 of these conditions printed on your study permit:
- May accept employment on or off-campus if meeting eligibility criteria. Must cease working if no longer meeting these criteria.
- This permit does not authorize the holder to engage in off-campus employment in Canada. May accept employment only on campus if meeting eligibility criteria. Must cease working if no longer meeting these criteria.
Job opportunities in Canada
With the growing increase in job opportunities, the country is constantly seeking people that would fill up these positions. The Canadian job market is very tight and the competition for jobs is very fierce especially in the larger cities. But with the right information and the ability to make good decisions, you will be able to find a good job that you will be satisfied with. Here are 8 well-paying job opportunities in Canada 2020:
1. Sales Representative
The base salary of a sales representative in Canada is approaching $64,000, and it is typically complemented with commission incentives. If you are a sales representative, you can expect your salary to be within the ranges of $52,000 to $64,000.
The bigger the business, the more important the Accountant becomes, which is why this occupation is the second-most in-demand skilled worker position in Canada. If you are an accountant, you can expect your salary to be within the ranges of $63,000 to $75,000
3. Engineering Project Manager
When a construction project runs smoothly, you can be sure there is an experienced Engineering Project Manager involved. As an engineering project manager, you can expect your remuneration to be within the range of $74,000 to $92,000.
4. Business Analyst
A Business Analyst is constantly looking for ways to make a business run more smoothly and efficiently. Larger operations may employ several analysts for different areas of their business, and their pay is usually between $73,000 and $87,000.
5. IT Project Manager
This job has been requested in the last few years and it doesn´t show any sign that people will not need it anymore, especially in Industry 4.0. They are responsible for completing intricate technology projects that can help a business grow. Their salary can range from $92,000 to $114,000.
6. Account Manager
Account Managers are in charge of keeping existing customers happy and uncovering potential new customers, making them central to the success of a business. To become an account manager in Canada, you need to get the necessary education and skills, and your pay will range from $75,000 to $92,000.
7. Software Engineer
A vast range of industries now relies on software to function, meaning it is no longer just technology companies who are building new applications and programs. Skilled people will get paid from $83,000 to $99,000.
Businesses are expanding all over Canada, new employees are required, and Recruiters ensure a company finds the person it needs. As a recruiter, you can expect to earn between $59,000 to $71,000.
Canada is a lovely country with friendly people, a welcoming economy, and many job opportunities. But achieving success and stability as a Canadian depends on your ability to identifying employment prospects and evaluate the lifestyle they can afford you: Then let´s stand up and prepare for your application right now or you miss your own chance to someone else.canada immigrationhow to immigrate to Canadaimmigration to Canadajob opportunities in Canadajobs in Canada