Become a permanent resident or citizen in Canada is definitely a dream that comes true to any immigrant. But would not it be too lonely and sometimes you wish that your family in oversea can come to live with you? The Canada family sponsorship program can help you accomplish that goal with many options for your family members in this developed and friendly country.
About the Family sponsorship program
The Canada family sponsorship program is a sponsorship visa program operating by the federal government. Canadian Permanent residents and citizens who wish to sponsor their beloved family to immigrate to Canada can apply for this program to be a sponsor. In the program, there are different options for your family member depends on the relationship between you and the sponsored person. The capacity of each visa option will be changed annually and Canada’s government will announce that on the IRCC website.
Visa option for family immigration
The Canada government has 4 streams in the family sponsorship program, each will suit a certain relationship in your family.
1. Sponsor your spouse, partner or child
With this option, you can sponsor your spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner or dependent children. Depends on your sponsored person, the processing time and the cost would be different for each subject. The sponsored person must meet the criteria of the streams as well.
- For spouse: at least 18 years old and have legally married to you
- For common-law partner: at least 18 years old and can be either sex. But the person hasn’t legally married to you. Additionally, you two must be living together for at least 12 consecutive months.
- For conjugal partner: just like the common-law partner, except that the person isn’t legally in a common-law relationship with you because of legal issues. He or she must also live abroad while applying and you two have been in a relationship for at least 1 year.
- For children: they must be under 22 years old and don’t have a spouse or common-law partner. You must prove that they depend entirely on you for financial support due to mental or physical conditions.
If you are living in Quebec, you would need to meet Quebec’s government criteria as well and submit an application to them.
2. Sponsor your parents and grandparents
Your parents or grandparents related to you by blood or adoption would be eligible for this program. Brothers, sisters, or half brothers and sisters of yours can be included in the application if they qualify as dependent children. The number of sponsored person depends on your income capacity. The processing time would normally be 20 to 24 months but no guarantee if your application needs additional proof and process based on the IRCC’s point of view.
For applicants in Quebec, Quebec’s government would need you to meet their criteria as well.
3. Sponsor your relatives
This option is for relatives like your brother, sister, aunt or uncle in very specific situations. The eligible circumstances might be:
- Orphaned brother, sister, nephew, niece or grandchild: they must be under 18 years old, have both mother and father passed away and be related to you by blood or adoption.
- Relative related by blood or adoption: must be the only living relative that you can sponsor and you don’t have any relative who is a Canadian citizen, PR holder or registered Indian under the Indian Act.
The processing time would be vary based on the country.
4. Sponsor your adopted child
To perform an intercountry adoption, you must check carefully with the government authority in your residential location to understand the procedure. The country of the adopted child must also need to allow that action. The processing time will vary by country.
The Sponsor Requirements
To be a sponsor, you (and your co-signer) must meet the basic criteria
- At least 18 years old
- Live in Canada
- Currently a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident of Canada, or a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act
- Have enough money to support the persons you want to sponsor
Failed to meet any of the criteria above and if you are under one of the circumstances in this list would make you ineligible:
- You are in jail, prison, or penitentiary
- You didn’t pay back: your immigration loan, performance bond or your court-ordered family support payments such as alimony or child support
- Didn’t give the financial support you agreed to when you signed a sponsorship agreement to sponsor someone else in the past
- Declared bankruptcy and are not discharged
- Receive social assistance for a reason other than a disability
- Were convicted of a violent criminal offense, any offense against a relative or any sexual offense inside or outside Canada
- Can’t legally stay in Canada and must leave the country because you received a Removal Order
Prepare to sponsor your relatives to Canada
The above information is just a summary of the requirements of the Canada family sponsorship programs. In case you have found an appropriate visa stream to sponsoring a family member of yours to Canada, you should check for detailed information about each requirement. This would help you understand clearly the role of each documentation and step in the progress. The requirements can be changed and if that happens, the change would be announced officially on the IRCC website like other information such as the annual number of accepted applicants in each stream. You should have a sufficient amount of finance to accomplish the sponsorship. The cost would vary depends on your application and other services that you may take.Canada Family Sponsorshipcanada immigrationhow to immigrate to Canadaimmigration to CanadaSponsor your adopted childSponsor your childSponsor your parents and grandparentsSponsor your relativesSponsor your spouse